Garrison Origins - Stafford County, Virginia - Person Sheet
Garrison Origins - Stafford County, Virginia - Person Sheet
NameI-BY172565 YDNA , 7G Grandfather
Spouses
1Top Garrison , 7G Grandfather
Birthca 1690, England or Virginia
ChildrenGnu (ca1710-1744)
 John (ca1712-1790)
 Aaron (1715-ca1785)
Notes for I-BY172565 YDNA
Acronyms and Terms:
ybp = years before present (2023 CE)
AD = CE = Common Era = Year 1 and after
BC = BCE = before Common Era or before Year 1

Haplogroup - A genetic population group of people who share a common ancestor on either their paternal or maternal line, e.g. Haplogroup I-BY172565.

Subclade - A subgroup of a haplogroup.

Formed - When a DNA mutation generates a new haplogroup. For example, Haplogroup I-S2606 is a subclade of Haplogroup I-L38. Haplogroup L-L38 formed around 8200 BCE and I-S2606 became a subclade of I-L38, by mutation, around 2700 BCE.

TMRCA - Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor: a measure of how long ago any two male individuals likely shared a common paternal ancestor.

Note: Formed and TMRCA locations (below) use today’s map names; in most cases the name simply identifies the general area or region where the ancient ancestor lived before written records or human documention existed (prehistory).

MRCA - Most Recent Common Ancestor
FTDNA - DNA analysis at familytreedna.com
YFULL: - DNA analysis at yfull.com
aDNA - Ancient DNA

Major Events - Chronology in Reverse Order


1740 CE | Brothers John ca1712 Garrison and Aaron 1715 Garrison living in Stafford County, Virginia, identified in Overwharton Parish Record (1720-1760)

1085 CE | Introduction of family surnames generally attributed to William the Conqueror’s Domesday Book identifying the King’s holdings and his subjects for taxation.

1066 CE | William II, Duke of Normandy, invaded England and conquered the resident Anglo-Saxons, becoming “William the Conquerer”.

1016-1042 CE | Danish Kings of England
871-899 CE | English Anglo-Saxon King Alfred the Great
793-900 CE | Viking Invasions of England

350-570 CE | Large-Scale European Tribal Migration Period; invasions and settlements by Agles, Saxons, Jutes, Franks, Goths, Huns, Vandels, Gaels, etc.

YDNA Haplogroup Formation - Chronology in Reverse Order

I-BY172565 Formed 200 CE Hamburg, Germany | Unidentified Descendants: Normandy, France and England | TMRCA 1650 England | Our Garrison “signature” haplogroup. See “Top Garrison” Person Sheet Notes for Viking-Norman origins. | Identified Descentants: 1740 CE, Stafford County, Virginia

I-BY118601 Formed 200 CE Hamburg, Germany | TMRCA 1800 CE Denmark |Identified Descendant: 1550 CE, Copenhagen, Denmark

I-FTB89087 Formed 200 CE Hamburg, Germany | TMRCA 1800 CE | Identified Descendant: 1500 CE, Herford, Germany (Haplogroup recognized by YFull.com)

⬆ Beginning of Common Era - CE ⬆

⬇ Before Common Era - BCE ⬇

I-BY86358
*Formed* 150 BCE North Holland-The Netherlands | **TMRCA** 200 CE Hamburg, Germany

The way to look at *Formed* and **TMRCA**: I-BY86358 was “born” (a mutation) in North Holland about 150 BCE, a “descendant” of ***I-Y51873*** (below). I-BY86358 had descendants (I-BY172565, I-BY118601 and I-FTB89087 above) living in the Hamburg, Germany area about 200 CE.

830s BCE | Danish Vikings began raiding in what is today France. These “Normans” or "north men" settled in northwest France controlling the region known as Normandy until the mid 13th century.

***I-Y51873*** Formed 1300 BCE North Holland-The Netherlands | TMRCA 150 BCE North Holland-The Netherlands

I-FGC70154 Formed 1550 BCE North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany (Northern Region) | TMRCA 1300 BCE North Holland-The Netherlands

I-FGC70142 Formed 1700 BCE North Rhine-Westphalia, Western Border Region Germany | TMRCA 1550 BCE North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany (Northern Region)

I-FGC68670 Formed 1850 BCE Rheinland-Palatinate, Germany | TMRCA 1700 BCE North Rhine-Westphalia, Western Border Region Germany

I-PH2591 Formed 2100 BCE England - Kent (Northeast - coastal) | TMRCA 1850 BCE Rheinland-Palatinate, Germany

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Lichtenstein Cave Update
(Hans De Beule 12 May 2022).

Location: near Dorste, Lower Saxony, Germany; southwestern edge of the Harz Mountains (5 mi. SW of Osterode)

Find: Skeletal remains of 60 individuals archaeologically dated between 2000-1800 BCE

Initially assigned Haplogroup I-P215 (Seidenberg, 2016; Whit Athey Predictor)
Refined Haplogroup assignment: I-PH2591 (Frishalowski, 2022, Nevgen Predictor)

FTDNA (May 2022) has identified 783 males who have been assigned to Haplogroup I-L38 or one of its subclades. The new analysis referenced above shows the remains of those found in the Lichtenstein Cave “go through” I-L38’s subclade I-PH2591.

Of the 783 male testers “going through” I-L38, only 35 testers go through I-PH2951. This small group includes the five Garrisons in this database that have taken FTDNA’s Y-700 test that belong to terminal haplogroup I-BY172565.

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I-PH1237 Formed 2250 BCE England - Essex (Northeast - coastal) | TMRCA 2100 BCE England - Kent (Northeast coastal)

I-FGC29569 Formed 2450 BCE England - Suffolk County (East coast) | TMRCA 2250 BCE England - Essex (Northeast - coastal)

I-FGC29656 Formed 2500 BCE England - Suffolk County (North) | TMRCA 2450 BCE England - Suffolk County (East coast)

I-S2606 Formed 2700 BCE England - Suffolk County | TMRCA 2500 BCE England - Suffolk County (North)

8000-3500 BCE | European Neolithic Age (fixed human settlements; beginning of agriculture)

I-L38 Formed 8450 BCE England - Surrey County | TMRCA 2700 BCE England - Suffolk County

I-S2497 Formed 10000 BCE England - Northern Staffordshire | TMRCA 8450 BCE England - Surrey County

I-S2519 Formed 10000 BCE England - North Riding, Yorkshire | TMRCA 10000 BCE England - Northern Staffordshire

I-S11321 Formed 14000 BCE England - Northeastern Germany| TMRCA 10000 BCE England - North Riding, Yorkshire

I-S2599 Formed 16000 BCE Southern Bavaria-Czech Republic Border | TMRCA 14000 BCE Northeastern Germany

I-P214 Formed 20000 BCE Southwestern Germany - Baden-Wuttemburg Region, Germany | TMRCA 16000 BCE Southern Bavaria-Czech Republic Border

I-L460 Formed 21000 BCE Southwestern Germany | TMRCA 20000 BCE Southwestern Germany - Baden-Wuttemburg Region, Germany

aDNA | Haplogroup I-L460, commonly found in northern and central Europe is found in the early medieval population of England 400-1066 CE.

I-CTS2257 Formed 22000 BCE South Western Germany | TMRCA 21000 BCE Southwestern Germany

(I2) I-P215 Formed 26000 BCE Eastern Austria | TMRCA 22000 BCE South Central Austria Border

I-M170 Formed 33000 BCE North East Austria | TMRCA 26000 BCE Eastern Austria

I-L758 Formed 39000 BCE South Eastern Iraq (border with Iran) | TMRCA 33000 BCE North East Austria

I J-P124 Formed 44000 BCE Iran | TMRCA 39000 BCE South Eastern Iraq (border with Iran)
Notes for Top (Spouse 1)
Source: “House of Names”

Garrison is one of the many names that the Normans brought with them when they conquered England in 1066. The name Garrison came from the baptismal name Garrison, which means Gerard. That name was originally derived from the Old German Gerhard, which literally means spear-brave.

Norman surnames such as Garrison have mistakenly been considered to be French. The Normans were more accurately of Viking origin. Around the year 911 Vikings settled in Normandy (raiding began in the 830’s), now part of northern France. Norman is derived from “Northmen”, as the Vikings were called. During this period England also suffered Viking (Danish) invasions but were successfully repelled by Anglo-Saxons until 994.

While the Danes ruled England, the Saxon royal family lived in Normandy and intermarried with the Duke of Normandy’s family. This ultimately allowed William II, Duke of Normandy, (William the Conqueror - Battle of Hastings in 1066) to claim the English throne when his cousin, Edward the Confessor, the restored Saxon king, died without heir. English nobles were allowed to keep their land until they rebelled. After the rebellions, William granted the Saxon’s lands to his followers, one believed to be an ancestor to the Garrison name.

Records reveal that the Garrison family established themselves in
Cornwall where Reginald Gear, a Norman noble, held the lands of Care Vallack in the year 1066. By the 15th century the Garrisons, including variations of the name, acquired lands in Yorkshire, Gillingham in Kent, Heavitree in Devon, Hertfordshire, and Surrey. The surname Garrison was first found in the North Riding of Yorkshire where the family originated in Garriston, a small township, in the parish of Haukswell (now West Hauxwell), union of Leyburn, Hang-West.

By the 16th century, Garrisons, including name derivations, had moved north into Scotland and held the lands of Nigg in Ross-shire. Of this unruly outlawed Clan, Mac Iain Ghiorr, was a noted pirate. By the year 1613 the Clan had joined the outlawed Clan MacGregor and had acquired/taken lands at Kenlochow, Trouternes, and Stranarn. They also acquired lands in the Orkneys and Shetland Islands. The active sects of this Clan MacGregor were Garrison and Kerrison, derived from Gaire-son.
Last Modified 21 Feb 2024Created 21 Feb 2024 using Reunion for Macintosh
Allow time for database to cache names. Some database entries are based on circumstantial evidence.